Surrogacy is a contract implemented by mutual agreement of the parties, which carries out the procedure of implantation of an embryo, owned by the spouses and created as a result of artificial insemination, to a genetically foreign woman (i.e. surrogate mother), who agrees to bear and give birth to a child. The purpose of this method is to make those people happy who, due to their reproductive health, cannot conceive, bear, and give birth to a healthy child on their own (suffer from infertility). Surrogacy provides the presence of several types of such procedures: gender and gestational. Gestational type is more popular because there is a choice between options for implementing a surrogacy program.
If we discard all the details and do not go into details, the whole process of surrogacy includes several stages: the search for a surrogate mother, a medical examination, the conclusion of a contract, the procedure for transplanting an embryo to a surrogate mother, carrying a child and his birth. The specialists of the surrogacy agency World Center of Baby indicate that each stage has its own characteristics, so in this article, we want to consider the process of surrogacy in more detail.
Main Stages of Surrogacy
The surrogacy agencies are located in different countries of the world, in particular, the USA, Canada, Ireland, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine, etc. But it is important to choose a reliable and trustworthy company such as the World Center of Baby. This agency provides detailed information for girls who want to join the ranks of surrogate mothers. At the company’s forum, you can communicate with real customers and clarify if such services are allowed by law, is there an opportunity for a gay man to use surrogacy services, what are the peculiarities of cooperation with single women, etc.
What Is Needed for a Surrogacy?
Regarding the participants of the surrogacy procedure, it should be noted that one of the most important subjects of the surrogacy procedure is a surrogate mother, i.e. a woman who has no medical contraindications to bear and give birth to a healthy child. The main requirements for a person who has expressed a desire to participate in the procedure of surrogacy are the presence of adulthood and full legal capacity. A surrogate mother cannot claim recognition of her maternity, even in court, and disputing motherhood is not allowed.
Before scheduling an interview for a girl, it turns out whether the girl meets the requirements of the clinic:
- The gestational candidate must be absolutely healthy, with normal reproductive function;
- There should be no history of severe genetic, infectious, and inflammatory diseases of organs and systems;
- There should be no abnormalities in the development of the genitals;
- Certain criteria for the age, height, and weight of a woman are applied;
- The woman should have no bad habits;
- The candidate should have high social well-being in general.
If the surrogate mother meets all the criteria, positive surrogacy solutions are usually taken.
Who Can Be the Direct Participants in the Procedure?
The direct participants in the procedure of surrogacy are spouses, i.e. persons who are married, registered in the body of state registration of civil status. At the same time, persons who are in a de facto marital relationship are limited to undergoing surrogacy.
The spouses have the right to participate in the surrogacy program if there are indications confirming their inability to have kids. The list of basic indications for surrogacy is specified in the Procedure for the application of assisted reproductive technologies in a country. If the spouses are foreign nationals, they are required to notify their temporary residence until the documents are processed for patronage by specialists in pediatrics and surveillance.
Another participant in the implementation of assisted reproductive technologies through surrogacy may be a donor. Donation of gametes or embryos is a procedure according to which donors, by written voluntary consent, provide their gametes or embryos for use in other persons in the treatment of infertility. Both a woman and a man can be a donor. Only those people who have agreed to be donors on a voluntary basis can be donors. Forced donation is not allowed by law. Therefore, the donation of gametes and embryos is carried out only in the case of an application from a sperm donor or an embryo donor.
Some researchers identify a healthcare institution that has the right to conduct surrogacy programs as the subject of such a procedure. Thus, medical institutions operating in the field of assisted reproductive technologies by surrogacy are obliged to select donors, to prevent the use of genetic material taken from persons who are carriers of diseases that may affect the health of the recipient and the future children.
Registration of Surrogacy
Before the conclusion of the contract, an additional medical examination of the surrogate mother is carried out, the results of which are entered into the clinic’s database for further use. Then, at a personal meeting with the managers of the surrogacy agency, a mandatory consultation with a psychologist is carried out.
Birth of a Child
After 9 months or 40 obstetric weeks of pregnancy, the surrogate mother is referred for hospitalization in an institution that provides obstetric services. It may not necessarily be a maternity hospital. For example, in such cities as Heraklion, Abastumani, Toronto, Moscow, Kiev, etc. the system of perinatal centers is very developed, so the new range of care provided to a woman in childbirth is much wider than in ordinary state maternity hospitals. But in the case of choosing such a perinatal center, genetic parents should be prepared for the fact that the assistance in childbirth will cost a decent amount of money. Therefore, they will have to pay a fairly high price for services.
If you want to know more about the best surrogacy services, visit the website of the agency World Center of Baby and get answers to your questions. Be sure that the World Center of Baby is a perfect choice!